January 11, 2010

Cookbook History you Never Wanted to Know

If you've been reading me for awhile, you know that I love to cook and experiment with different recipes.  In between racking wine yesterday, I got side tracked by flipping through some of my cookbooks to look for any fun or unique recipes to make this week.  I don’t know if I mentioned it before, but I enjoy collecting unique cookbooks, particularly the antique ones that are hilarious to read.

Like this one:


Published in 1938 and specifically titled "The Way to a Man's Heart - the Settlement Cookbook".  I loved the description of Chapter 1:  House Rules, Kitchen Equipment, Directions for Serving.

I have a whole slew of these kinds of cookbooks.  They intrigue me.  And they're fun to look at how things used to be way back when.

Just about every home today has at least one cookbook in its kitchen.  I’m amazed at how many people like me collect them (though my hubby would probably roll his eyes because he thinks I have too many).  What I really enjoy is seeing the contrast between ‘new’ and ‘old’ cookbooks – especially the old cookbooks, since it's interesting to see how kitchens of the past were, and how they prepared their meals.  It’s amazing how far we’ve come.

The oldest cookbook on record is believed to be a clay tablet from Babylon, dating back to circa 1500 BC, which contains recipes for some elegant meals.   The ancient Greeks and Romans served exquisite dishes and included many forms of art in their fruits and vegetables much as we do today when entertaining.

Up until the 18th century, cookbooks were used by the wealthy only. Their servants were not supposed to know how to read a cookbook, so the mistress of the household would read the directions as the servant prepared the mixture. Later, cookbooks were written with the middle class in mind, so they started turning up in more homes.

Cookbooks came out in the mid 1700s in Colonial America.   A reprint of an English edition called The Complete Housewife by Eliza Smith appeared in 1742 in Williamsburg, Virginia. In 1796 Amelia Simmons, self-published American Cookery and it became known as the first American cookbook. This small blue book was the first self-published cookbook and the first cookbook to be written by a woman.  In 1796!  I think the oldest one I have is from 1890 - I'm trying to find one that was around the time our house was built, 1817.

At that time specific measurements were not that important and cookbooks gave directions like "add a pinch of salt", or "mix as for a rich pastry".  Then came an improvement in the accuracy of measurements, and Fannie Farmer's Boston Cooking School taught that exact measurements must always be applied.

Isn’t it interesting how we’re coming ‘full circle’ by many of us that really enjoy cooking actually don’t use exact measurements?  I live by the mantra my Great-Grandmother taught me – season to taste.  Of course there are some recipes I'll hold to that strict 'exact measurement' rule.

As the 19th century approached, cookbook sales began to increase dramatically.  Before the 1876 Centennial, over 1,000 cookbooks were published causing the authors to become quite popular. Female novelists such as Mary Randolph (distant cousin to Thomas Jefferson), and Sarah Josepha Hale (author of Mary Had a Little Lamb), even wrote a cookbook.

The 19th century cookbooks offered essays containing advice, or household tips. Women back then felt like they were getting a special treat - not only were they getting a cookbook, but useful household tips as well.  Like this one:



Published in 1934, it breaks it down by cost per meal, with suggestions on how to stretch the food purchased to save money.  And make sure the meals are 'wholesome' and 'attractive'.

The beginning of 20th century cookbooks were becoming extremely popular, so they were sold in all bookstores and department stores everywhere.  There are so many different types of cookbooks available now - and let's not forget the cooking celebrities that have their own cookbooks for sale as well.

But I really like unique ones, like this one:


The front and back covers are made of wood.  I'd say that was very unique!



Published in 1936, it has some interesting Wild Wild West type recipes in it, along with drawings throughout such as this:



Sure, I have a ton of 'modern' cookbooks, but I'll take an antique one over a modern one any day.  If nothing else, for the entertainment factor of reading the way people thought - and cooked - 'back then', and how very unique some of the recipes are.



This now concludes your History Lesson for the day.

12 Random Sassy Comments:

mimbles said...

Oh wow, I would love to browse your collection - it sounds like you have some wonderful snapshots of culinary history on your shelves.

We've begun to develop an interest in historically accurate cooking for our re-enactment activities and have picked up a few books of medieval recipes from various time periods and regions. One of the books has the recipes as they were written alongside modern translations - makes for fascinating reading and, I hope, for great eating once we get around to cooking some of them!
.-= mimbles´s last blog ..An afternoon at the beach =-.

angie said...

I love cookbooks as well I would say that you have some of the old goodies wow would love to see the recipes that are included within those pages

kyooty said...

What fun! was there to be a picture under the second last paragraph? "with drawings throughout such as this:"

I have 1 French cookbook, my neighbours mother died and when they were cleaning out her home, she collected up all her mom's cookbooks, french and english and saved them for me. I have 1 main book that was the most interesting, and in it are some flyers and old news paper clippings from different frennch news papers out of Queebec. On one page is a list of names, seems she was thinking of baby names while using her cookbook and had written down 4 boys and 4 girl names. My friend's sister is on the list, and 3 other variations of it as well. :)
.-= kyooty´s last blog ..Friday Fill-ins, back to routine? =-.

Alissa said...

I love old cookbooks as well. Well, I love old books in general, but some of my best cookbooks are faded, falling apart booklets that are full of wonderful recipes, the extra life advice these books contain is like an added bonus.
.-= Alissa´s last blog ..Thrift store logic =-.

Me, Myself & Pie said...

I too am OBSESSED with vintage cookbooks. Every time I go antiquing, I always head straight for the books. I love the language, the photos, the step-by-step instructions...and how they took food so seriously. It was so important to them to make it beautiful and delicious. Thanks for sharing all that great info! Your collection is great!
.-= Me, Myself & Pie´s last blog ..Hello Dolly Bars (Seven Layer Bars) =-.

Anne said...

Like you, I love cookbooks. I also enjoy just reading them for entertainment value.
.-= Anne´s last blog ..My Life Has Been Delayed Due to Snow =-.

Otin said...

Very cool post! I think that the older cook books have the better recipes. Everything is geared toward being healthy now. If you want good old fashioned bad for you food, you need to read an old book!
.-= Otin´s last blog ..You Ain't lived till Momma's shaved your ass! (Knucklehead writing competition week 2 - Childhood anecdote) =-.

Jan said...

OMG - I have a copy of The Settlement Cookbook! I treasure it - my waffle, biscuit and easy cinnamon roll recipes, among others, originated from it. Do you know the history of it? It's fascinating.

I have a few other "classic" cookbooks in my fast cookbook collection, and would LOVE to browse through yours!
.-= Jan´s last blog ..Macadamia Nut Pie =-.

Firefly said...

I love cook books, old ones are always fun ;)
YAY you are on WP LOL love it. Love your new design so cool!!! Hope you like working on WP :D
.-= Firefly´s last blog ..Busy With The Shop =-.

Pooba said...

Oh my gosh, I never really thought about how cook books came about. Those old ones you have are so fun! I'll have to keep my eye out for some older ones. I can't believe you have one from 1934!

(I see the wine links are here, yay!)
.-= Pooba´s last blog ..Christmas Is No Longer In The Air =-.

blueviolet said...

Those are really cool! No wonder you collect them. I love that western one the most!!!

I suppose real cooks really don't need to measure. I guess that's why I much prefer baking.

Casey said...

I think the "how to please your man" style cookbooks are hilarious. Especially since it's my husband who does all the cooking in our house. Ha!
.-= Casey´s last blog ..Why Didn’t Somebody Warn Us - Part Two On Going Dye Free =-.